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7. Feelings and Emotions

Emotions shared communicate our deepest desires, fears, joys, and pains and can allow others to help us explore them further. Yet, for some individuals, especially those on the autism spectrum, understanding and expressing these emotions can be like navigating a complex map alone.

The Challenge of Emotional Expression

While emotions are a universal human experience, their depth and intricacies can vary widely. For many with autism, the intensity and frequency of these feelings can be overwhelming, leading to difficulties in articulation communicating or identifying what they’re feeling.

Why Emotional Processing Can Be Complex

The way emotions are experienced, processed, and expressed can be influenced by several factors, including neural processing, sensory sensitivities, and past experiences. In the case of autism, the brain might process emotions differently, leading to unique emotional experiences. This can sometimes create challenges, especially when trying to conform to societal social rules or relationship expectations.

Supporting Ourselves and Others

Being patient with oneself and others is crucial. Understanding that emotional experiences can vary significantly between individuals is the first step to foster empathy and compassion. Remember, just because someone might not express or process their emotions in a typical manner doesn’t make their feelings any less valid.

Practical Steps to Better Understand and Express Emotions

  • Emotion Charts: Using visual aids to identify and communicate feelings can be beneficial.
  • Therapeutic Interventions: Cognitive behavioural therapy or counselling can offer tools to manage and express emotions healthily.
  • Artistic Outlets: Painting, music, writing, or dance can be therapeutic modalities to explore and express feelings.
  • Consistent Check-ins: Taking moments throughout the day to introspect and understand one’s emotional state. This can also apply to caregivers or loved ones, prompting conversations that aid understanding.


  • Musical Reflection: A person might use a particular song or playlist to convey their mood or feelings.
  • Art as an Outlet: Creating a painting or sketch that encapsulates their current emotional state, providing both relief and a conversation starter.
  • Literal Communication: Instead of expecting others to infer emotions, explicitly stating how one feels can bridge the understanding gap.

Daily Change Summary

The vast world of emotions is as varied as the people experiencing them. By encouraging an understanding environment and employing strategies to express and communicate, we can make better connections that resonate on a deeper emotional level.

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