4) The Impact of Narcissistic Relationships

Emotional and Psychological Effects of Narcissistic Abuse

Narcissistic abuse can leave profound emotional and psychological scars. Victims often experience anxiety, depression, feelings of worthlessness, and may even suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Effects on Self-Esteem and Self-Worth

Narcissistic individuals often erode their victims’ self-esteem and self-worth through constant belittling, criticism, and manipulation. This can result in victims doubting their worth and abilities.

Gaslighting and its Effects

Gaslighting is a manipulative technique often used by narcissists where they make you doubt your own memory, perception, or sanity. This can be deeply confusing and damaging, leading to further loss of self-esteem and trust in oneself.

Here are three examples of gaslighting in real-life scenarios:

  1. Relationship Gaslighting: Sarah’s partner often forgets to do chores or tasks he promised to do. When she brings this up, he insists he never made such promises and suggests Sarah must be misremembering or making things up. This makes Sarah question her own memory and feel confused about the reality of the situation.

  2. Workplace Gaslighting: At work, Tom’s manager takes credit for a project Tom completed. When Tom confronts his manager, the manager denies it outright, insisting that it was a joint effort and that Tom is being overly sensitive or egotistic. This makes Tom question his own perception and judgment.

  3. Friendship Gaslighting: Emily frequently cancels plans with her friend Lisa at the last minute. When Lisa expresses her disappointment, Emily turns the situation around, claiming that Lisa is overreacting and that she “never confirmed the plans in the first place.” This leads Lisa to question her own understanding and expectations of their friendship.

Reflective Exercise: Personal Reflection Journaling

For this exercise, if you feel comfortable, write about your experiences with narcissistic relationships and how they’ve impacted you. This can be a cathartic process, allowing you to confront and acknowledge the pain and start the healing process.

Here’s a fictional example of a journal entry documenting experiences with a narcissistic individual:


Date: Monday, June 12

Today was tough. John and I had another argument. It seems to be a pattern, escalating from what starts as a normal conversation. I mentioned something as simple as my day at work, and he took it as an opportunity to belittle my job, questioning the value of my contributions.


Date: Wednesday, June 14

John apologised for the other day, but it didn’t feel sincere. It seemed more like a tactic to regain control rather than genuine remorse. It’s so hard to trust his words when his actions continue to contradict them.


Date: Sunday, June 18

Had dinner with friends tonight. John dominated the conversation, boasting about his recent successes. It felt like he was performing for an audience rather than having a genuine interaction with friends. It’s like he always needs to be the centre of attention.


Date: Thursday, June 22

Had a conversation with John about boundaries, asked him to respect my space and not read my personal emails. He agreed but didn’t seem to take it seriously, dismissing it as my being overly sensitive.


Date: Monday, June 26

Caught John reading my emails today. When confronted, he turned it around, accusing me of not trusting him. It was a classic case of him playing the victim. It’s confusing and hurtful.


Date: Friday, June 30

Had a therapy session today. We talked about John’s behaviour and the possibility that he might be narcissistic. It was both a revelation and a relief, making sense of his actions. I’m beginning to understand that it’s not my fault. It’s not about what I did or didn’t do, it’s about his unhealthy patterns.


Date: Monday, July 3

Started researching narcissism and discovered many of John’s traits align. It’s hard to accept, but it’s the reality I need to confront. I’m slowly understanding the need to set boundaries, and to possibly distance myself for the sake of my mental health. The journey to reclaiming my identity starts here.

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Daily Change Main Takeaways

Understanding the damaging impacts of narcissistic relationships is vital in the healing process. This knowledge helps to validate your experiences, and to know that your feelings are legitimate and understood.